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WESTERN CULTURE AND SOCIETY: THE UNITED KINGDOM (UK) -
Scotland: Scotland gets it's name from the Scots, the people who first arrived in the late 3rd to mid 4th centuries AD. It was not until about 500AD that they built up a sizeable colony.
What do we know about Scotland’s culture? - In a recent survey in England the top ten answers were:
Scotland - Physical Characteristics: Scotland is divided into three main regions; the Highlands, the Midland Valley and the Southern Uplands. The cities of Edinburgh, Glasgow and Dundee together with numerous towns, most of the population and the majority of Scotland's industry is located within the Midland Valley. This broad valley averages only 50 miles across running across the centre of the country.
The country of Scotland also includes 787 islands, many being very small, only 62 are larger than three square miles in area. There are 26 rivers flowing directly into the sea, the most significant are, the Rivers Clyde and Forth.
Scotland is well known for its mountainous and beautiful scenery. Scotland is also well known for its lochs (the name for lakes in Scotland). The most famous loch is called Loch Ness, which is famous for its stories of a monster in the lake.
Scottish Culture includes many types of Highland Dancing, including the sword dance which has war as its basic theme.
Culture in Scotland is known worldwide, mainly for the bagpipes. They are is one of the oldest instruments still in existence.
Scotland - Government and Commerce: A new Scottish Parliament was elected in 1999, following devolution of powers from the United Kingdom Parliament in London. This is the first time Scotland has had its own parliament in 300 years. The Scottish Parliament, which sits in Edinburgh, is responsible for most aspects of Scottish life. The national parliament in Westminster (London) retains responsibility for areas such as defense, foreign affairs and taxation.
Scotland is divided from England by a wall: The Wall, known as Hadrian’s Wall, was built by order of the Emperor Hadrian, probably given during his visit to Britain in AD 122. Over the next six years professional soldiers, legionaries, built a wall 80 Roman miles long (117km or 73 modern miles).
The wall was built "to separate the Romans from the Barbarians" There are many theories about why the Wall was built but it is generally agreed that Hadrian wanted to mark the northern boundary of his Empire.
Scottish Food and Drink: Scotland has very distinctive food, often based on very traditional foods, some of the main Scottish foods are as follows:
Arbroath Smokie: A wood-smoked haddock still produced in small family smoke-houses in the East coast fishing town of Arbroath.
Bannocks (or Oatcakes): A barley and oat-flour biscuit baked on a griddle. In modern times bannocks are often eaten with cheese. There are several traditional recipes and many manufacturers in Scotland today.
Scottish Beef: The Aberdeen-Angus breed of beef cattle are now widely reared across the world. Renown for their rich and tasty meat, which makes excellent steaks. Good butchers will still hang and prepare meat in the traditional manner, although these butchers are rare these days and people often complain that even Scotch Beef has lost its taste.
Scotch Broth or
Hotch-Potch: A rich stock is traditionally made
by boiling mutton (the neck is best), beef, marrow-bone or chicken (for a
chicken broth). There is also freedom over the choice of vegetables, which
should be diced. Carrots, garden peas, leeks, cabbage, turnips and a stick
of celery can all be used. The hard vegetables should be added first to the
boiling stock, with a handful of barley, with the softer vegetables being