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- Online English Lesson Plans, Lesson Material and Ideas for Oral English
(Speaking Lessons) from Hunan University of Science and Technology...
ENGLISH: Review of Semester One
REVISION OF 4 MAIN AREAS OF ORAL ENGLISH:
Making Small Talk
What is Small Talk?
- Small talk is a casual form of
conversation that "breaks the ice" or fills an awkward silence
WHO makes Small
Talk? - The most common type of small talk
is between people who do not know each other, or only know each other a
WHY do people make
Small Talk? - There are a few different
reasons why people use small talk. The first, and most obvious, is to
break an uncomfortable silence. Another reason, however, is simply to
fill time. That is why it is so common to make small talk when you are
waiting for something. Some people make small talk in order to be
WHAT do people make
Small Talk about? - There are certain
"safe" topics that people usually make small talk about. The
weather is probably the number one thing that people who do not know
each other well discuss.
WHERE do people make
Small Talk? - People make small talk just
about anywhere, but there are certain places where it is very common.
Most often, small talk occurs in places where people are waiting for
something or when people are at social events (e.g. at a party).
Presentation - Practice your presentation,
this will give you confidence. Don't practice too much or the
presentation will seem false.
Introduce Yourself -
Always introduce yourself and your subject
/ topic first.
Timing - If
you have a time limit then keep to it. Leave enough time for questions.
Body Language - Stand
or sit properly, don't cross your arms. Remember to smile and make eye
contact with your audience.
Pronunciation - Pronounce
each word carefully, avoiding slang. Don't say "you know" etc.
Pitch & Volume -
Avoid speaking in monotone. Speak loudly
Speed - The
speed (pace) is important. Pause when you want to emphasize a word.
Variance - Try
to change your pitch, volume, speed and tone.
Thanks - At
the end of your presentation, thank your audience for their time.
Sometimes we have to
use skills to convince others about our positions, this is called
In English we need
to remember that how we say something and how we present ourselves are
just as important as what we say.
Use positive words
such as "will" and "must", not "might" or
Emotion - You and
your voice must match the tone of the words.
The speed, or pace,
is important for a persuasive speech (140-160 words per minute).
How to be More
There are 3 Ways to
· Emotional Reasons / Arguments
· Ethical Reasons / Arguments
· Logical Reasons / Arguments
· Repetition (repeat many times)
· Restatement (repeat the idea, in another way)
· Parallelism (rhythmic repetition of a key word)
· Announcement (precede important points with a statement)
Non Verbal Strategies:
· Eye Contact
· Facial Expressions
· Appropriate Clothing
FACTS - According
to the dictionary, a fact is "anything that is done or happens;
anything actually existent; any statement strictly true; truth;
Examples of fact:
1.The house was painted on November 18, 1999.
2.Today is Saturday.
3.The temperature was twenty-two degrees this morning.
OPINIONS - An
opinion is defined as "indicating a belief, view, sentiment,
conception." Obvious indicators of opinion are when sentences include
words such as: "Generally, it is thought…" / "I believe
Facts can be changed to
opinions by adding a belief or view, for example:
"The house was painted recently on November 18, 1999, so it looks
STATING OPINIONS &
I think..., In my opinion..., I'd like to..., I'd rather..., I'd prefer...,
The way I see it..., As far as I'm concerned..., If it were up to me..., I
suppose..., I suspect that..., I'm pretty sure that..., It is fairly certain
that..., I'm convinced that..., I honestly feel that, I strongly believe
that..., Without a doubt,...,
I don't think that..., Don't you think it would be better..., I don't agree,
I'd prefer..., Shouldn't we consider..., But what about..., I'm afraid I
don't agree..., Frankly, I doubt if..., Let's face it, The truth of the
matter is..., The problem with your point of view is that...